Cognates are a good way to teach ELLs a second language. It actually helps them relate their knowledge of some of the words in their native language, Spanish to words that are very similar in English. It’s very useful also in some dual language programs where the goal is for students to speak English and Spanish fluently.
This document offers about 170 cognates in English and Spanish to support students in learning this skill. Also included in the text are sentences comprising of those cognates in English and Spanish.
Once you have introduced the lesson to your students, the cognates cards and questions can be placed in Literary Centers as well as small groups, partners or individual practice. There are enough cards and questions for 4 students to work together. The sentences can be cut apart and the students can put them back together. They can identify the verb, the noun, subject and predicate. They have multiple exercises. Make sure you laminate them before cutting for durability purposes.
Cognates do not necessarily have the same meaning because languages develop and some words change. For example: a quarter is not the same as a “cuarto.” Quarters refer to twenty-five cents and/or the quarters of the maids. Cuarto is a bedroom in Spanish. I have not included words that doesn’t have the same meaning in an effort not to confuse the students. The purpose of this document is to support second language learners with words they are familiar.
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